Sunday, May 24, 2009
YOGYAKARTA - JOGJAKARTA
YOGYAKARTA - JOGJAKARTA
Special Region of Yogyakarta (Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, DIY) is officially one of Indonesia's 32 provinces. Yogyakarta is one of the leading cultural center of Java. This area is located at the foot of Mount Merapi on, Yogyakarta on 16. And in the 17 century. Chairs from a powerful kingdom of Mataram Yogyakarta that this day has been the best legacy of tradition. The city itself has a special charm, which seldom fails to captivate the visitor.
This province is one of the most densely population region in Indonesia. Coming to a city that is in 1755, after the division of Mataram Sultanates to Yogyakarta and Surakarta (Solo). Gamelan, classical and contemporary Javanese dances, wayang kulit (leather puppet), theater and traditional expressions of art will remain the visitor spellbound. Local craftsmen excel in arts such as batik, silver and leather work. In the traditional, contemporary art has found fertile soil in Yogya-oriented culture. ASRI, the Academy of Fine Arts is a center of arts and Yogyakarta itself has given its name to important school of art, modern painting in Indonesia, perhaps best personified by famed Indonesian impressionist, late Affandi.
Yogyakarta is often called the main gateway to Central Java as a place that is located geographically. It stretches from Mount Merapi to the Indian Ocean. There is daily air service to Yogya from Jakarta, Surabaya and Bali as well as regular train service and easy accessibility by road. Yogyakarta is generally regarded as modern cultural of Central Java. Although some may be better as a runner-up Solo, Yogyakarta remains the clear front-runner for traditional dance, Wayang (traditional puppetry) and music.
Yogyakarta has more than just culture though. He is a very exciting life, and from shopper. The main road, Malioboro, always crowded and famous night because the food street vendors and culture. Many tourist shops and cheap hotels are concentrated along this street or in tourist areas such as communicating Malioboro Street.
The key attraction of Yogyakarta is' Kraton (Palace of the Sultan). Sultan's palace is the center of Yogya traditional modernity and progress, although, still emanates the spirit of improvement, which has become a sign of Yogya's art for centuries. This decomposition knowledgeable building complex built in the 18 century, and in fact is a city located in the city with luxurious pavilions and in which the current Sultan still. Yogyakarta is also the only major city, which is the traditional 'Becak' (rickshaw-style) transport.
Special Region of Yogyakarta is geographically located almost equidistant from Indonesia's most important of the two international gateways, about 600 km from Jakarta, 1000 km from Bali. Yogyakarta also has a very good relationship of transportation by bus, train or plane for the rest of Java, Sumatra, Bali and Lombok. Adisucipto Yogyakarta airport is in the process of changing its status to receive not only in the country 'flight from Bali and Jakarta, but also direct charter and scheduled flights from other countries.
Geographically, Yogyakarta Special Province is located in the southern part of Central Java and lies between 7 degree 33 'and 8 degree 12', the height between the South and 110 degrees 50 'East Longitude. Some districts in Central Java Province is located around the borders of administrative areas:
South East: District Wonogiri
East: Kabupaten Klaten
Northwest: Regency Magelang
West: District Purworejo
Ocean that borders the southern part of Indonesia Yogyakarta city. On the border that stretches from the sea west to east is about 100 km long, starting from Congot Beach in Kulon Progo Regency and ended at the beach Sadeng in Gunung Kidul Regency.
Because of the location, Yogyakarta is a strategic position for economic activities in the network and in the tourist destination. Special region of Yogyakarta is located on the road axis from some major tourist destination, Jakarta and West Java to the west, north of Central Java, East Java and Bali east. This is connected by rail, road and air to other services in Indonesia.
Climate and Weather in Yogyakarta
Daily temperature average is between 26 degrees and 28 degrees Celsius with a minimum of 18 degrees C and a maximum of 35 degrees C respectively. Average humidity is 74% with a minimum of 65% and a maximum of 84% each. Special Region of Yogyakarta is placed about 7 south of the equator and a bath in the tropical sun during the year. This area has a tropical climate the daily atmosphere feels a little hot and humid. This is only two seasons in the year, the wet or rainy season and dry season. Wet season usually starts in September and take about August. Generally there is no rainfall from May to August and there fore the atmosphere feels hot and humid in the day and cold at night and early morning. Monthly rain fall Yogyakarta varies between 3mm and 496mm in which those above 300mm take place during the months January to April. Heaviest rainfall that typically occurs in February while the lowest usually occur between May and October each year the average rainfall of 1900 mm.
Based on 2000, the population of Yogyakarta Special Region was 3,311,812. City of 461,800 inhabitants spread over 32.50 kilometers or the average population density is even more 14,200 people per square kilometer. Most populous district is in Gunung Kidul regency which has 720.643 inhabitants and covers 1485 square kilometers, or 485 level density persons per square kilometer. Since long ago, the province of Yogyakarta and its surroundings have been filled decently.
The majority of the population Yogyakarta Java is a language derived from ancient Sanskrit. However, as Yogyakarta is considered "academic city in Indonesia" as the center for many universities, many of the residents are students who come from all over Indonesia to study.
Culture of Yogyakarta
Budaya Yogyakarta province with special status as an area that is located in the southern part of Central Java, the heartland of Javanese culture. As a former capital and the center of several kingdoms in the past, this region and the people are very rich with different cultures. This is widely known to the historical record of that civilization, art and culture has been developing well in the middle of the people in each kingdom of Ancient Mataram Kingdom (8 .- 10th Century) era, the second Kingdom of Mataram (17 .- 18 . Century) and Sultanate Ngayogyokarto from the mid 18 Century. on this day.
Please note that the cultural heritage of the past including the magnificent temple, the ruins of palaces and monasteries, many kinds of traditions, cultural events, folk and traditional performing arts, traditional architecture and other activities. It is important to note that this is all part of the cultural life of the city of Yogyakarta, color activity daily living and behavior of local people, especially people with a traditional Javanese way of life and customs. Therefore, because the wealth of culture and heritage, Yogyakarta has long been known as place of birth of Javanese culture.
Another name for the legendary city of Yogyakarta, in between the elders and the younger generation of City Arts and Culture. Traditional and modern exhibitions are held almost every day and night about the art of theater, mime, music, dance, classical and contemporary dance, poetry, and other people who flows in the heart of the city. Even more, there are many cultural events, such as Sekaten, gunungan, Labuhan, Malioboro Fair, etc, that make this city have a nil